Charles James Fox, statesman, was a son of Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland and his wife Lady Georgiana Caroline Lennox. He became a well known statesman and Foreign Secretary and was an opponent of British policy towards America during the War of Independence. He also worked towards the abolition of the slave trade. His private life was scandalous and he left several illegitimate children. In 1795 he married his mistress, Elizabeth Armitstead. Fox died on 13th September 1806 and was buried in the north transept of Westminster Abbey (known as Statesmen's Aisle). His gravestone simply gives his name and dates.
A large white marble monument, by the sculptor Sir Richard Westmacott, was erected near the grave in the north transept in 1822. It is considered to be the sculptor's best work. A few decades later this was moved to its present position at the west end of the nave (displacing the monument to Godfrey Kneller which was re-sited). It depicts the dying Fox lying on a mattress, his head and shoulders supported by a figure of Liberty (she lost her cap at the time of Queen Victoria's coronation in 1838). At his feet kneel a mourning slave in prayer and a figure representing Peace (she has lost her sceptre with dove and olive branch).
The inscription reads:
CHARLES JAMES FOX B: 24 JAN. 1749 N:S: D:13 SEPT. 1806.
(NS stands for New Style, referring to the dating).
Charles' elder brother Stephen (1745-1774) became the 2nd Baron Holland and a younger brother, Henry Edward (1755-1811) was in the army.
Henry Vassal Fox, 3rd Baron Holland (1773-1840), Charles' nephew, was a statesman and writer and has a large monument (without inscription, by order of his son) behind that to his uncle but is buried at Millbrook church near Ampthill in Bedfordshire. His notable literary circle met at Holland House. His monument, by sculptor E.H. Baily, is often referred to as "the prison house of death" as it consists of a tall tomb with a closed doorway with life size mourning figures in front, surmounted by a bust.
Further reading on the family
Sir Richard Westmacott, sculptor by M. Busco, 1994
A large bronze statue of Fox by the same sculptor stands in Bloomsbury Square, London