Westminster Abbey is the final resting place of 30 kings and queens starting with King Edward the Confessor whose magnificent shrine stands just behind the High Altar. Henry III, who built the church you see today, is buried near him.
The tombs of Edward I, Eleanor of Castile, Edward III, Philippa of Hainault, Richard II and Anne of Bohemia are all in St Edward the Confessor's chapel. When Henry V died in 1422 he was buried near to the Saint and above his tomb was built a chantry chapel in which Holy Communion is still celebrated every year on 25th October, St Crispin’s Day, the anniversary of his famous battle at Agincourt. His queen Katherine of Valois is buried in the chantry.
From 1503 Henry VII lavished huge sums on a new Lady chapel, just east of Henry V's chantry. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary it is the last great masterpiece of English medieval architecture. Its spectacular fan vaulted ceiling and the King's imposing tomb, with gilt bronze effigies of him and his queen Elizabeth of York, continue to inspire awe and wonder 500 years on. James I is buried in Henry VII's vault (under the tomb) but has no monument and his queen Anne of Denmark lies nearby.
In this chapel’s north aisle the Protestant Queen Elizabeth I is buried with her half-sister the Catholic Queen Mary I in an imposing tomb. On the floor beside their tomb is the inscription:
"Remember before God all those who divided at the Reformation by different convictions laid down their lives for Christ and conscience sake."
Due to lack of space no monuments could be erected for Charles II, Queen Anne, Queen Mary II or her husband King William III. They are all buried in a vault in the south aisle with just simple inscriptions on small stones. The tomb of Mary Queen of Scots is also in this aisle. Boy king Edward VI lies just in front of the altar. George II was the last monarch to be buried in the Abbey, in a vault under the central aisle of this chapel, with his queen Caroline.
Visit our Royalty page to see a full list of Royal tombs at Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey: The Lady Chapel of Henry VII [for tombs in this chapel], edited by T. Tatton-Brown & R. Mortimer, 2003
Royal tombs of Medieval England by Mark Duffy, 2003