Queen Anne, second daughter of King James II by his first wife Lady Anne Hyde (1637-1671), was born at St James's Palace in London on 6th February 1665. Her sister Mary and her husband William of Orange ascended the throne (as Mary II and William III) when the Catholic James II fled the country and abdicated. Her reign is remembered for the Union of England with Scotland in 1707, and the Duke of Marlborough's victories in Europe, as well as for the establishment of the General Post Office, the first daily newspaper and Queen Anne's Bounty, a fund set up to aid poor clergymen.
She married Prince George of Denmark (1653-1708), youngest son of Frederick III, King of Denmark, at Whitehall on 28th July 1683. Only five of their eighteen children were born alive and none reached maturity.
As Mary and William had no children Anne then succeeded to the throne on William III's death and was crowned in the Abbey on 23rd April 1702. She was suffering from gout (being fond of brandy) and had to be carried into the Church by Yeomen of the Guard on an open chair as she was unable to walk.
She died at Kensington Palace on 1st August 1714 and was buried on 24 August next to her husband in the Stuart vault, under the floor at the east end of the south aisle of Henry VII's chapel. Some burial sentences set by William Croft were sung. Hers is the earliest royal funeral for which a topical anthem is known - again by Croft The Souls of the Righteous.
Her mother Anne lies in a vault nearby, as does her son William, Duke of Gloucester (d.1700) and many of her infant and stillborn children. There was no room in the chapel to erect a monument to her. Only a small stone marks her grave.
A seated wax effigy of the Queen was purchased by the Abbey for display. It can now be seen in the new Queen's Diamond Jubilee Galleries.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004
Queen Anne by Edward Gregg, 1980
The funeral effigies of Westminster Abbey by A. Harvey and R. Mortimer, 2003 revised edition
British Royal and State funerals.... by M. Range, 2016
The ceremonial for the interment is Westminster Abbey Muniment 6475*.
6th February 1665
1st August 1714
24th August 1714
23rd April 1702
24th August 1714