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Queen Victoria

Alexandrina Victoria was the only child of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (a son of George III) and his wife Princess Victoria. She was born at Kensington Palace on 24th May 1819 and succeeded to the throne in 1837 after the death of William IV. When her husband died in 1861 she was so stricken with grief that she wore mourning for the rest of her life and refused to undertake any public engagements, earning herself the nickname 'The Widow of Windsor'. During her reign the British Empire reached the height of its prestige and she was proclaimed Empress of India in 1877. She celebrated her Golden Jubilee in the Abbey in 1887.

Marriage

She married her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in the Chapel Royal, St James' Palace on 10th February 1840. They had many children.

Coronation

Queen Victoria was crowned on 28th June 1838, aged 19. The ceremony took five hours and suffered from a lack of rehearsal. No one except the Queen and Lord John Thynne (Sub-Dean of Westminster acting for the Dean), knew what should be happening. The coronation ring was painfully forced on to her wrong finger and Lord Rolle, an elderly peer, fell down the steps while making his homage to the Queen. A confused bishop wrongly told her the ceremony was over and she then had to come back to her seat to finish the service. In her Journal Victoria recorded the events of the day, calling it 'the proudest of my life'. The red footstool she used at this ceremony can be seen in the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Galleries.

A musical festival to celebrate the coronation was held in the Abbey on 2nd July before the special seating was removed.

Burial

She died on 22nd January 1901 and was buried beside Albert in the Royal Mausoleum at Frogmore in the grounds of Windsor Castle.

Further reading

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

Queen Victoria by Richard Holmes, 1897

Queen Victoria, a portrait by Giles St Aubyn, 1991

Frogmore House is open to visitors

Music for Queen Victoria's Coronation, 1838 (PDF, 2142KB)

See The Times of 2nd and 3rd July 1838 for the musical festival details

British Royal and State funerals.... by M. Range 2016

English Monarchs

Born

25th May 1819

Died

22nd January 1901

Coronation

28th June 1838

Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria as a young woman

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2018 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Queen Victoria
Coronation of Queen Victoria at Westminster Abbey, 1838

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2018 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria's coronation footstool

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2018 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

It’s a privilege to live and work here – the Abbey really is the heart of the country and its history.

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Martin - The Dean’s Verger

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