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Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales

Frederick Louis (or Lewis), Prince of Wales, K.G., was born on 20th January 1707 at Hanover in Germany and died 31st March 1751 in London. He was the eldest son of King George II and father of George III and was a great patron of the arts, residing at Carlton House. His death was blamed on a burst abcess in the lung "under the sternum bone...having been occasioned by a fall playing Prisoners Base some years before" (according to a statement by the Earl of Macclesfield in a letter in the Abbey archives) - by legend it was caused by a cricket or tennis ball. His wife was Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, born 1719, and they married at St James's Palace in 1736. She lived to see her son on the throne and died on 8th February 1772. Both are buried in the Hanoverian vault, with George II and his queen, in Henry VII's chapel in Westminster Abbey. This runs underneath the central aisle of the chapel.

Buried with them are five of their children:

Elizabeth Caroline 1740-1759

Louisa Anne 1749-1768, who is said to have died "of a decline"

Edward Augustus, Duke of York 1739-1767 who died unmarried at Monaco and was returned for burial in the Abbey.

Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathern 1745-1790. 

Frederick William 1750-1765

Small stones mark their graves in the floor of the chapel.

Frederick Louis' brother William, Duke of Cumberland "the butcher of Culloden", and unmarried sisters Caroline and Amelia are also buried in the vault.

Further reading

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004 for Frederick Louis, Princess Augusta and Edward Augustus


20th January 1707


31st March 1751


13th April 1751


Lady Chapel

Memorial Type

Stone; vault

Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales
Frederick Lewis (Louis) Prince of Wales & Augusta graves

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2019 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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