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Edward IV

Edward was a son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York and his wife Cicely, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland. He was born at Rouen in France on 28th April 1442. On 4th March 1461 King Henry VI was deposed and Edward declared King. He himself was deposed in favour of Henry VI in 1470 but regained the crown the following year.

Marriage

On 1st May 1464 he married Elizabeth, widow of Sir John Grey and daughter of Richard Woodville (later Earl Rivers), maid of honour to Margaret of Anjou, at Grafton Regis in Northamptonshire. She twice took Sanctuary at Westminster Abbey with her children (see a separate entry for Elizabeth Woodville).

Coronation

Edward IV was crowned in Westminster Abbey on 29th June 1461 and his queen Elizabeth Woodville was crowned on 26th May 1465.

Burial

He died, probably of pneumonia caught on a fishing trip, on 9th April 1483 and was buried at St George's chapel Windsor.

Further reading

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

Edward IV by Charles Ross, 1974

The Royal funerals of the House of York at Windsor by A.F. Sutton & L. Visser-Fuchs, 2005

The drama of coronation...by Alice Hunt, 2008

An account of his funeral is kept at the College of Arms in London

Born

28th April 1442

Died

9th April 1483

Coronation

28th June 1461

Edward IV
Edward IV

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2019 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

The Shrine of St Edward the Confessor is one of the most powerful features of the Abbey. To stand in the presence of a man who is both a saint and a monarch is awe-inspiring.

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The Reverend Christopher Stoltz - Minor Canon

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