Skip to main content

Sir John Pringle

On the wall of the south transept of Westminster Abbey is a memorial of grey and white marble to Sir John Pringle, physician, by sculptor Joseph Nollekens. On a pyramid is a portrait relief medallion within oak leaves and beneath is the staff of Esculapius and various books. The background is in the form of drapery and the coat of arms shows "three escallops, an escutcheon of Ulster, with a crescent for difference". The monument was erected by his nephew and heir Sir James Pringle and the inscription reads:

Sacred to the memory of Sir JOHN PRINGLE, Baronet, who was at an early period of life Professor of Moral Philosophy in the university of EDINBURGH: afterward physician to the ARMY, to the PRINCESS OF WALES, to the QUEEN and to KING GEORGE III. President of the ROYAL Society; member of the ROYAL Academy of SCIENCES at Paris etc.etc. His medical and philosophical knowledge, his inviolable integrity, and truely Christian virtues rendered him an honour to his age and country. He was born in SCOTLAND in April 1707 and died in LONDON in January 1782.

John was born on 10th April 1707 in Roxburghshire, son of Sir John Pringle and his wife Magdalen. He attended the universities of St Andrew’s and Edinburgh and pursued his medical studies in Leiden and Paris. In 1742 he was appointed physician to the British army and was instrumental in improving care in field hospitals. He was one of the first to make a study of epidemiology and prevention of infection in army hospitals and published several books. Continuing his practice in London he was appointed physician to the Duke of Cumberland and later to the King. In 1752 he married Charlotte Oliver but they had no children. He died on 18th January 1782 and was buried in St James' church, Piccadilly, London.

Further Reading

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004

The website of the Clan Pringle

Born

10th April 1707

Died

18th January 1782

Field

Physician; doctor

Location

South Transept

Memorial Type

Tablet

Material Type

Marble

Sir John Pringle
Sir John Pringle
Sir John Pringle
Sir John Pringle memorial

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2018 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

Related Commemorations

Sjohnson-eminent

Samuel Johnson

1709-1784
Writer
westminster-abbey-james-thomson-portrait

James Thomson

1700-1748
Poet and Playwright
thomas-gray-cc

Thomas Gray

1716-1771
Poet
wesminster-abbey-christopher-anstey-memorial

Christopher Anstey

1724-1805
Writer and Poet
william-mason-monument-westminster-abbey

William Mason

1725-1797
Poet

I’ve worked here for over thirty years and have seen many of the major services - it’s strange to realise that you are in a small way part of history.

spacer

Pamela - Rector's Secretary

Twitter logo Tweet this