History

Anne Neville, wife of Richard III

Anne was the younger daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick and Salisbury, and Anne Beauchamp. She was born at Warwick Castle on 11 June 1456. The date of her marriage to Richard, Duke of Gloucester (who became Richard III) is not known. When Richard usurped the throne in 1483 Anne was crowned with him in the Abbey on 6 July. Their son Edward, Prince of Wales, died in 1484 and Anne herself died at the Palace of Westminster on 16 March 1485 during an eclipse of the sun. She had a magnificent funeral and was buried on the southern side of the Abbey near the altar. No stone or monument marked her grave, possibly because Richard was killed that year at Bosworth.

A brass plate and coat of arms, designed by J.S.Comper, was erected in 1960 on the wall of the south ambulatory with the inscription:

ANNE NEVILL 1456-1485 QUEEN OF ENGLAND YOUNGER DAUGHTER OF RICHARD EARL OF WARWICK CALLED THE KINGMAKER WIFE TO THE LAST PLANTAGENET KING RICHARD III.

"In person she was seemly, amiable and beauteous...And according to the interpretation of her name Anne full gracious" REQUIESCAT IN PACE.

The quote is taken from the Rous Roll in the British Library. The heraldic shield is enamelled and surmounted by a coronet.

A copy can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.