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Sir William Temple & Family

In the south aisle of the nave of Westminster Abbey is a marble memorial to statesman and author Sir William Temple, his wife Dorothy, daughter Diana and sister Martha Giffard, all of whom are buried nearby. The Latin inscription can be translated:

To himself and these most dear to him DIANA TEMPLE his most beloved daughter, DOROTHY OSBORN his most loving wife. And MARTHA GIFFARD his best of sisters. This monument was erected at the care of WILLIAM TEMPLE of Moor Park, in the county of Surrey, Baronet.
Di. T. died 1679 aged 14
Do. O. died 1694 aged 66
Will. T. died 1698 aged 70
Mar. G. died 1722 aged 84

The dates on the memorial are in Old Style dating and the memorial was obviously prepared before William died and the last dates were added afterwards. Above is shown a coat of arms: "Quarterly of four: 1&4 or, an eagle displayed sable, 2&3 argent two bars sable charged with three martlets or, an escutcheon of Ulster "(for Temple) impaling "argent a bend between two lions rampant sable" (for Osborn). The monument was repainted in 1963.

William was born in London on 25th April 1628, a son of Sir John Temple and his wife Mary (Hammond). His brothers were Sir John and Henry. He was educated at Cambridge university and travelled abroad. In 1654 he married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Peter Osborn. William's sister Martha had married Sir Thomas Giffard in 1662 but he died just a few days after the marriage and she lived with William and Dorothy. William was appointed ambassador to The Netherlands and on his return to England published several books and succeeded his father as master of the rolls in Ireland. He wrote the first political memoirs published in English and was also a gardener, introducing several varieties of fruit into England. His daughter Diana died of smallpox and his son John drowned himself in 1689. Dorothy died on 7th February 1695 and William on 27th January 1699 (his heart is buried at Moor Park).

Further reading

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, for Sir William Temple, his wife Dorothy Osborn and sister, Martha Giffard

"The Brave Courtier. Sir William Temple" by Richard Faber (1983)

Born

25th April 1628

Died

27th January 1699

Field

Writer; politician; statesman

Location

Nave

Memorial Type

Plaque

Material Type

Marble

Sir William Temple & Family
William Temple and Family memorial

This image can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library

Image © 2018 Dean and Chapter of Westminster

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