Funeral effigy of Mary II

Effigy of Mary II

Mary II had reigned as joint monarch with her husband William III for just five years when she died in December 1694. Her magnificent funeral at Westminster Abbey cost the huge sum of £50,000.

As was common at royal funerals of the time, a life-sized effigy made of wax and wood and lavishly dressed in robes and jewels, was carried in the funeral procession.


Textile specialist Zenzie Tinker is leading a team assessing and conserving the layers of clothing used to dress Mary's effigy – and those of the twenty other figures in the Abbey's collection.

These panels of brocaded silk were used in Mary's petticoat. The colours are faded in the centre where they have been exposed to light, but the sections covered by the mantle are still beautifully bright. Also vivid are the colours on the reverse of the fabric.


The Abbey’s unsurpassed collection of royal funeral effigies – remarkable yet little known treasures – will be on display in The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Galleries, opening in 2018.

A panel of brocaded silk used as the petticoat for the effigy of Queen Mary II

A panel of brocaded silk used as the petticoat


Detail of the petticoat restoration

Detail on the panel of brocaded silk used for the effigy of Queen Mary II

Detail on the panel of brocaded silk

Float threads on the reverse of the silk panels on the petticoat for the effigy of Queen Mary II

Float threads on the reverse of the silk panels

The colour remains vivid on the sections of Queen Mary II's petticoat not exposed to light

The colour remains vivid on the sections not exposed to light

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