History

Anne

23 April 1702

Queen Anne, 2nd daughter of James II by his first wife Lady Anne Hyde (1637-71), was born at St James's Palace on 6 February 1665. She married Prince George of Denmark (1653-1708) on 28 July 1683. Only 5 of her 18 children were born alive and none reached maturity. Her sister Mary and her husband William of Orange ascended the throne on the flight of James II. As they had no children Anne succeeded to the throne on William's death and was crowned in the Abbey on 23 April 1702. She was suffering from gout (being fond of brandy) and had to be carried into the Church for the ceremony. Her reign is remembered for the Union of England with Scotland in 1707, and the Duke of Marlborough's victories in Europe, as well as for the establishment of the General Post Office, the first daily newspaper and Queen Anne's Bounty set up to aid poor clergymen. She died at Kensington Palace on 1 August 1714 and was buried next to her husband in the Stuart vault in the south aisle of Henry VII's chapel. Her mother lies in a vault nearby as does her son William, Duke of Gloucester (d.1700) and many of her infant and stillborn children. A seated wax effigy of the Queen was purchased by the Abbey and is displayed in the Museum.

A photograph of the wax effigy can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.

Queen Anne is Carried into the Abbey

Anne (Queen Mary II's sister) succeeded the throne after King William died and was crowned in the Abbey on 23 April 1702. She was in very poor health at the time of her coronation and suffered from severe gout that was so crippling she was unable to walk. Instead, she was carried into the Abbey on an open chair by Yeomen of the Guard.

Further reading:

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004
"Queen Anne" by Edward Gregg, 1980.