William Sholto Douglas, 1st Baron Douglas of Kirtleside, Marshal of the Royal Air Force is commemorated in the RAF chapel in Westminster Abbey. His name, with other RAF war leaders, was painted in 1989 below the Battle of Britain memorial window.
He was born on 23 December 1893, son of Captain Robert Douglas. He was educated at Tonbridge school and Oxford and was mentioned in dispatches during the 1914-18 war, receiving the Military Cross, D.F.C. and the French Croix de Guerre. He commanded two fighter squadrons. After a brief spell as a chief pilot at Handley Page Transport he returned to the RAF and by 1940 was Deputy Chief of Air Staff. He was Air Officer Commanding in Chief at Fighter Command, Middle East Command, and Coastal Command. He was made a Knight of the Order of the Bath and his stall plate can be seen in the Lady Chapel in the Abbey.
After the war he was Governor of the British zone in Germany and received many overseas medals. He was chairman of British European Airways 1949-64. His first two marriages were dissolved and he married thirdly Hazel Walker and they had one daughter. He died on 29 October 1969 and his memorial service in the Abbey was held on 5 December. His ashes lies in St Clement Danes church in the Strand (the RAF church in London)
A memorial to RAF Coastal Command is in the south cloister of the Abbey.
"Years of Combat" autobiography, 1963
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