John Woodward
Born: 01 May, 1665
Died: 25 Apr, 1728
Field: Scientist; physician
Location in the Abbey: Nave
Type of memorial: Grave; statue
Type of material: Marble

Dr John Woodward, physician, was buried in the nave of Westminster Abbey on 1 May 1728. His family origins are not known. He was taught by Charles II's physician and later became professor of physic at Gresham College in London. A noted antiquary he was also a collector of fossils and in 1693 he became a fellow of the Royal Society. John died unmarried. A white marble monument, by sculptor Peter Scheemakers, was erected in the north aisle of the nave in 1732 near the grave. The Latin inscription can be translated:

"Sacred to the memory of John Woodward, a doctor the most celebrated, and a philosopher the most exalted, whose ability and learning his writings diffused over the face of nearly the whole Globe, but whose liberality and affection for his country the university of Cambridge, enriched by his munificence and embellished by his wealth, declares to perpetuity. Born on the Kalends of May [1 May] 1665. He died on the seventh Kalends of May [25 April] 1728. Colonel Richard King, a Commissioner of Public Works, to a friend most deserving, decreed this sepulchre".

A figure of Philosophy sits on a rock holding a portrait medallion of Woodward on her knee. Her right hand holds an inverted sceptre and she leans her elbow on two books. Above is the doctor's coat of arms: azure, a pale between two eagles displayed argent (a blue shield with two silver eagles). On the rock are scattered shells, fossils and plants.

A photograph of the monument can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.

Further reading:

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004

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