John Loughborough Pearson
Born: 05 Jul, 1817
Died: 11 Dec, 1897
Field: Architect
Location in the Abbey: Nave
Type of memorial: Grave
Type of material: Brass

John Loughborough Pearson, architect and Surveyor of the Fabric at Westminster Abbey, was buried in the centre part of the nave of the Abbey, adjoining his predecessor Sir George Gilbert Scott. The memorial brass was designed by William Douglas Caroe, one of Pearson's assistants and was inserted in 1901. A depiction of the Crucifixion appears at the top of a long stemmed support and base with the words "Sustinuit et Abstinuit" (sustain and abstain) either side of the stem. The inscription round the border reads:

"Here lieth John Loughborough Pearson R.A. Architect Surveyor to this Fabric. Born July 5 1817. Died Dec 11 1897"

There was originally an outer border with badges of the four Evangelists at the corners but this has been lost and only the indent remains.

John was born in Brussels, a son of William Pearson, an artist, and his wife Nancy Ann (Loughborough). The family lived in Durham where he began his architectural training. Moving to London he designed new churches around the country and restored others. Truro Cathedral is perhaps his best known work. He married Jemima (d.1865 of typhoid), sister of fellow architect Ewan Christian, on 5 June 1862. Their only son Frank (1864-1947) also became an architect.

Pearson was Surveyor at the Abbey from 1879-97. He practically rebuilt the upper section of the north front, changing the form of the rose window and cutting down some of the 18th century stained glass in this window. Restoration of the exterior also continued during his time. He designed the monuments to Dean Stanley and to Lord John Thynne in the Abbey, built two new houses in the Abbey garden and designed the organ cases. His plain oak cases were re-instated in 1959 and decorated in gold and colour by W.Butchart to a design by S.E.Dykes Bower. He built the present west porch of St Margaret's Westminster between 1892 and 1894 (according to an inscription within the porch)

A photo of the brass can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.

Further reading:

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004.

"Surveyors of the Fabric of Westminster Abbey 1827-1906. Reports and Letters" edited by Christine Reynolds (2011)

"John Loughborough Pearson" by A.P.Quiney, 1979.

Many of his drawings are in the RIBA collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London.

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