Frederick Louis (or Lewis), Prince of Wales, K.G., was born on 20 January 1707 at Hanover in Germany and died 31 March 1751 in London. He was the eldest son of King George II and father of George III and was a great patron of the arts, residing at Carlton House. His death was blamed on a burst abcess in the lung "under the sternum bone...having been occasioned by a fall playing Prisoners Base some years before" (according to a statement by the Earl of Macclesfield in a letter in the Abbey archives) - by legend it was caused by a cricket or tennis ball. His wife was Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, born 1719, and they married at St James's Palace in 1736. She lived to see her son on the throne and died on 8 February 1772. Both are buried in the Hanoverian vault, with George II and his queen, in Henry VII's chapel in Westminster Abbey. This runs underneath the central aisle of the chapel.
Buried with them are five of their children:
Elizabeth Caroline 1740-1759
Louisa Anne 1749-1768, who is said to have died "of a decline"
Edward Augustus, Duke of York 1739-1767 who died unmarried at Monaco and was returned for burial in the Abbey.
Henry Frederick, Duke of Cumberland and Strathern 1745-1790.
Frederick William 1750-1765
Small stones mark their graves in the floor of the chapel.
Frederick Louis' brother William, Duke of Cumberland "the butcher of Culloden", and unmarried sisters Caroline and Amelia are also buried in the vault.
See separate entries for William, Duke of Cumberland, Henry, duke of Cumberland and Princess Amelia.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004