Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon
Various members of Edward Hyde's family are buried with him in a vault near the steps to Henry VII's chapel in Westminster Abbey. A gravestone recording the names was first inserted in 1867 and it has been re-cut. The inscriptions read:
"Here lie buried Edward Hyde First Earl of Clarendon 4th January 1674/5.
Anne, relict [widow] of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, Bart. and mother of the first Countess 1661.
Mary, relict of Henry Hyde and mother of the first Earl 28th December 1661.
Frances, his second wife 17th August 1667.
Henry Hyde, Second Earl of Clarendon 4th November 1709.
Edward Hyde, Third Earl of Clarendon 5th April 1723.
Jane, relict of Henry Hyde, fourth Earl of Clarendon 1 June 1725.
and four of the children of the fourth E.of Clarendon, Edward 17th November 1702, Laurence 27th May 1704, Anne 2nd November 1709, Henrietta 5th July 1710."
The dates given are those of the burials.
Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, was born on 18 February 1609, a child of Henry Hyde and his wife Mary (Langford). The Hyde family of Wiltshire were mostly lawyers by profession. He was educated at Magdalen Hall Oxford and also studied law. On 4 February 1632 he married Anne Ayliffe but she died a few months later. He married secondly at St Margaret's Westminster on 10 July 1634 France Aylesbury and had three children. He served in Parliament and was present at the battle of Edgehill, being a Royalist during the English Civil War. He was knighted in 1643 and made Chancellor of the Exchequer. During the Civil War he spent time on the island of Jersey and wrote several works including his History of the Rebellion while on the continent. At the restoration of King Charles II he was made Earl of Clarendon in 1661 but was later impeached and banished, ending his days in exile in Rouen in France where he died on 9 December 1674.
His eldest daughter Anne Duchess of York was born on 22 March 1638 and married James, Duke of York at Breda in 1659 and again in England in 1660. She died at St James's Palace on 31 March 1671 before her husband acceded to the throne as James II. She was buried in the royal vault in the south aisle of Henry VII's chapel, where her daughters Queen Mary II and Queen Anne were also later buried.
His son Henry, 2nd Earl of Clarendon, was born on 2 June 1638 and baptised at St Margaret's Westminster and married twice.
Edward, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, was the only son of Henry and his first wife Theodosia, daughter of Lord Capel. He was born in December 1661 and as Viscount Cornbury was governor of New York from 1702-8. He had a very bad reputation and "his character and conduct were equally abhorred in both hemispheres". He secretly married Catherine O'Brien in 1688 and died in obscurity and debt. His daughter Theodosia married John Bligh, later Earl of Darnley, in the Abbey on 24 August 1713 and both were buried in the vault, he in 1728 and she, as Baroness Clifton, in 1722.
Jane, daughter of Sir William Leveson-Gower, married Henry 4th Earl of Clarendon in 1692 and on his death in 1753 the title became extinct.
Not mentioned on the gravestone but buried in the Clarendon vault are:
Laurence Hyde, second son of Edward, who died in 1711 and Lady Henrietta Boyle his wife, died 1687. He was a Member of Parliament, Master of the Robes, Ambassador to Poland, chancellor to Queen Mary of Modena and First Lord of the Treasury among other posts. In 1682 he was created Earl of Rochester and was a Knight of the Garter. His son Henry was also an M.P. and he had four daughters - Catherine died 1737 and is in the vault but Henrietta, Countess of Dalkeith was buried in the Ormond vault at the east end of Henry VII's chapel in 1730.
Henry Lord Hyde, third son of the 4th Earl who died 1753 and Lady Charlotte Hyde, daughter of the 4th Earl who died in 1740.
A photo of the gravestone can be purchased from Westminster Abbey Library.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2004