History

United States of America

Major John Andre (1751-1780)

While Adjutant-General of the British forces in America he was sent on a secret mission to Benedict Arnold to negotiate the surrender of West Point to the British. Captured in civilian clothes he was hanged as a spy. His remains were later brought back to the Abbey for burial in the Nave where a monument was erected.

Battle of Britain July-October 1940

The furled American flag appears in this memorial window in the Royal Air Force chapel as several American pilots flew with the RAF during this battle. The only American killed during this particular conflict was Pilot Officer William Fiske, who has a memorial in St Paul's Cathedral London.

Phillips Brooks

Bishop of Massachusetts, d.1893, who wrote the hymn "O Little Town of Bethlehem", has a memorial in the south aisle of St Margaret's Church.

General John Burgoyne

(died 1792) surrendered to the Americans at Saratoga. He is buried in the North Cloister under a simple stone. He was baptised at St Margaret's Westminster and educated at Westminster School.

Joseph L. Chester

(1821-1882) an American genealogist who edited the "Westminster Abbey Registers" in 1876. Tablet in south choir aisle. Buried at Nunhead cemetery London.

George W. Childs

of Philadelphia presented the stained glass window to the English poets George Herbert and William Cowper in St George's chapel in 1875 and also gave money for the John Milton window in St Margaret's, which includes lines by John Greenleaf Whittier.

Congressional Medal of Honour

Awarded to the British Unknown Warrior on 17 October 1921. It hangs on a pillar near the grave in the nave and was presented by General Pershing.

Thomas Sterns Eliot

(1888-1965) Poet, born in St Louis. His memorial stone in Poets' Corner was unveiled in 1967. Buried at East Coker in Somerset.

John and Eleanor Elliott

of New York City set up the Chapel of Christ the Intercessor in St Margaret's Church in 1981.

James Gerard

US Ambassador in Berlin (in charge of British interests) gave the stained glass window which commemorates British Prisoners of War 1914-18 in the north choir aisle. The US coat of arms is included in the design.

Richard Hakluyt

(1553-1616) was educated at Westminster School and became a Prebendary (clergyman) at the Abbey. Called 'the father of modern geographers' he was a promoter of the South Virginia colony. Buried in the South Transept (no marker).

George, 3rd Viscount Howe

(1725-1758) was killed on an expedition to Ticonderoga in New York state. His monument in the north west tower chapel in the nave was erected by the province of Massachusetts.

Henry James

(1843-1916) Writer, born in New York. His memorial stone in Poets' Corner was unveiled in 1976. Buried in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Martin Luther King

d.1968. His statue, on the west front of the Abbey, was one of ten unveiled in July 1998 depicting modern martyrs. Further information can be found on the Abbey website.

Barnardus La Grange

died 1797, "an American loyalist" and his son James have a monument in St Margaret's Church.

Henry W. Longfellow

(1807-1882) A bust of this poet was erected in Poets' Corner in 1884 by his English admirers. Buried at Cambridge, Mass.

James Russell Lowell

Poet and US Minister in London 1880-5, died in 1891. A tablet and stained glass window to his memory can be seen in the vestibule of the Chapter House.

Charles McIlvaine

Bishop of Ohio. He died while in Florence and a brass plaque in St Faith's chapel records the resting of his coffin here in 1873 on its way to the USA.

Walter Hines Page

(1855-1918) US Ambassador in London 1913-18. He has a memorial tablet in the vestibule of the Chapter House.

Sir Peter Parker

He died in 1814 during a skirmish on the American coast and has a monument in St Margaret's Church.

George Peabody

(1795-1869) American merchant, banker and philanthropist who did much to help the poor of London. Buried here briefly in 1869 before removal to Danvers, now Peabody, in Massachusetts. Memorial stone in the Nave.

William Pitt, Earl of Chatham

(1708-1778). His life-size wax effigy in the Abbey Museum was modelled by an American, Patience Wright. His grave and large monument are in the North Transept.

Sir Walter Raleigh

Citizens of America gave a window to his memory in St Margaret's Church in the 19th century. Raleigh was beheaded in 1618 and is buried in the chancel of St Margarets. The window contains the US coat of arms and a verse by James Russell Lowell.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

(1882-1945) US President. A memorial tablet in the Nave was erected in 1948 to "A faithful friend of freedom and of Britain".

Royal Flying Corps

1914-1918: A small stained glass window in the nave of the Abbey was erected by Mrs Louis Bennett of West Virginia in memory of all members of this Corps who died, including her son Louis junior, who was killed in France. (This window is illustrated on the cover of a new colour booklet "Stained Glass of Westminster Abbey" available from the Abbey shop).

James Rumsey

of West Virginia, inventor of the steamboat was buried in St Margaret's churchyard 1792. A modern memorial in St Margaret's was put up by citizens of his state.

Viscount Sherbrooke

His late 19th century bust in the east porch of St Margaret's is by the American sculptor Moses Ezekiel.

HMS Speaker

This escort carrier was commissioned in the USA in 1943 and served in the Far East. A small plate and badge are affixed to the west inner doorway of St Margaret's Church.

General Staats-Long Morris

of New York served in the army in Scotland and married into the British aristocracy. He died in 1800 and was buried in the nave with his wife (grave not marked).

John Thorndike

was a brother of Herbert Thorndike, a clergyman of the Abbey. He emigrated to New England but died in 1668 on a visit to his brother in England. Both are buried under an unmarked stone in the East Cloister.

Colonel Roger Townshend

Killed on an expedition to Ticonderoga, New York State, 1759. He is buried at Albany. His monument in the Nave includes two figures of native Americans from the region.

Trinity Church, New York

A bronze plaque in the south aisle of the Lady Chapel was presented by this Church in memory of Queen Anne and William III who granted land for the first Anglican Church in New York. Both monarchs are buried here.

Rodman Wanamaker

of New York presented a jewelled processional cross to the Abbey in 1922, which is still used at most services today.

William Wragg

of South Carolina was drowned 1777 on his way to England. His memorial is in the south choir aisle.

Sir James Wright

Last royal governor of Georgia d.1785, buried in the North Transept (the inscription on his grave is now very faint).

United States Citizens

and charitable foundations gave money to the Abbey's Restoration Appeal 1973-1995 and small stained glass windows in the Lady Chapel and plaques in the chapel vestibule commemorate their gifts. Donations were also given to the recent St Margaret's Restoration Appeal and a tablet in that church records their names.

Services

Memorial services have taken place in the Abbey for several eminent Americans including President U.S. Grant 1885, J. Pierpont Morgan 1913, President Harding 1923, and a commemoration for President Kennedy was held in 1963. President Cleveland's daughter was married at the Abbey in 1918. Between 1942 and 1944 Thanksgiving Day services were held for United States forces and the bi-centennial was celebrated at a service here in 1976.

More information on the people mentioned here can be obtained from the Abbey Library.