History

Canada

Battle of Britain

The names of Canadians who died in this battle in 1940 are inscribed in the Roll of Honour book in the Royal Air Force chapel and the Canadian flag appears furled in the stained glass window. The chapel is described on the Abbey website.

Angela, Baroness Burdett-Coutts

Angela, Baroness Burdett-Coutts (1814-1906), philanthropist, who is buried in the nave, endowed the Bishopric of British Columbia.

Canada Club

In 1949 the Club presented two chairs and faldstools of native birch in memory of Canadians who died in the 1939-45 war. These are used by the Sovereign and consort when they attend services at the Abbey.

Canadian regiments 1914-18

Many regiments deposited their colours in the care of the Dean and Chapter before joining the fighting in France. They were laid on General Wolfe's monument until the Armistice and after the war two flags were returned and placed on this memorial as a permanent reminder of Canada's part in the Great War.

Sir John Franklin

Sir John Franklin (1786-1847), Arctic explorer who died on an expedition to discover the North West Passage in Canada. His memorial is in St John the Evangelist's chapel. Sir Leopold McClintock, who discovered the fate of Franklin's expedition, is also commemorated there.

General Henry Hope

General Henry Hope Lt. Governor of Quebec who died in 1789. His monument in the North Transept depicts a beaver and a girl in native dress.

James Johnston

James Johnston. Governor of Quebec, died 1797. Buried in the nave (no marker visible).

Andrew Bonar Law

Andrew Bonar Law (1858-1923) British Prime Minister of Canadian birth whose ashes were buried in the nave.

Sir John Macdonald

Sir John Macdonald. First Prime Minister of Canada, died 1891. He was a Knight of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath and his stall plate can be seen in the Lady Chapel. He is not buried here.

George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax

George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax (1716-1771) was styled "Father of the Colonies". He helped found the colony of Nova Scotia and its capital is named after him. His monument is in the North Transept but he is not buried here.

Richard Philipps 

Richard Philipps (1661-1750) Governor of Nova Scotia. Buried in the North Transept under a brass inscription plate placed by a descendant in the late 19th century.

Admiral Sir Charles Saunders

Admiral Sir Charles Saunders (1713?-1775), who assisted James Wolfe in the capture of Quebec, was buried in the Islip chapel and a modern stone now covers his grave.

Donald Alexander (Smith)

Donald Alexander (Smith), 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal (1820-1914), philanthropist and governor of the Hudson Bay Company. He has a stained glass window to his memory in the nave.

Freeman, 1st Marquess of Willingdon

Freeman, 1st Marquess of Willingdon (1866-1941). Governor General of Canada. His ashes were buried in the nave.

James Wolfe

James Wolfe (1727-1759). He captured Quebec and died on the Heights of Abraham. A large monument commemorates him in the Abbey but he is buried at Greenwich.